Emission Capture Study Funded for Paper
Oct. 14, 2009 - Battelle and Boise Inc. said that they will conduct the
first-ever feasibility study of new carbon capture and storage technology in the
$140 billion pulp, paper and paperboard industry, under a $500,000 project
announced by the Department of Energy (DOE).
The project will focus on capture technology developed by Fluor Corp. and
will take place at Boise's pulp and paper mill near Wallula, Washington.
The seven-month study is being funded by the DOE's Office of Fossil Energy
and managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. It is one of 12
projects totaling $21.6 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of
2009 (ARRA) funding that DOE awarded recently for large-scale industrial carbon
capture and storage.
Successful completion of the study could pave the way for pulp, paper, and
other industries to use technology that captures carbon dioxide (CO2), Battelle
"This study provides us an opportunity to assess the feasibility of safely
and permanently storing CO2 in deep underground basalt formations for a
commercial-scale operation," said Pete McGrail, Laboratory Fellow at Pacific
Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and chief scientist for the project.
Battelle operates PNNL for DOE.
In Phase One, the team will develop a conceptual design for a sequestration
system integrated with Fluor's capture system technology that could support
injecting about 720,000 tons a year of CO2 into a deep flood basalt formation.
"This project will evaluate the potential for an enhanced competitive
position for our Boise Wallula mill, and this feasibility study fits squarely
within our broader companywide strategy to reduce carbon emissions," said Nick
Nachbar, Boise's Wallula mill manager. The company has made voluntary
commitments to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.
According to the DOE, projects will be subject to further competitive
evaluation in 2010 after successful completion of their Phase One activities.
Projects that best demonstrate the ability to address the agency's mission needs
will be in the final portfolio that will receive additional funding for design,
construction, and operation.
Should the Phase One feasibility evaluation be successful, project partners
may propose a second-phase, commercial-design study with funding that could
exceed $100 million. Both phases - if awarded - could be supported under the
ARRA, which allocates a total of $1.4 billion in funding for carbon capture and
storage from industrial sources.
During the Phase One assessment there will be no construction, drilling,
field characterization or CO2 injection.
Battelle and Boise are conducting a separate field research project exploring
the ability of basalt formations to sequester carbon on that site. The field
study is part of a DOE-funded program administered by the National Energy
Technology Laboratory through the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to
facilitate commercial testing and deployment of carbon capture and storage.
Battelle is the world's largest non-profit
independent research and development organization. Headquartered in Columbus,
Ohio, Battelle also manages or co-manages several national laboratories for the
U.S. Department of Energy including Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in
Richland, Washington. PNNL employs 4,250 staff, has a $918 million annual
budget, and has been managed by Battelle since the laboratory's inception in